Michael Thonet, Konsumstuhl Nr. 14, 1859. Carrier box: 36 chairs in one cubic metro (1m³). 📷 © Vitra Design Museum, Thomas Dix.
Gillis Lundgren, IKEA chair Ögla, launched 1964. It was made in Radomsko, Poland, by the company Fameg, once founded by the Thonet Brothers. They still had the forms for bending the wood. Shown are three different chairs. 1964: wood. 1983: plastic. 1999: plastic-gas. 📷 © Pinakotheken München. Source
The Chair that seated millions (NY Times)
More about Thonet: Take a look at the #thonet tag on this site.